Do you know what Obsessive-Compulsive Personality is? No, not Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder. OCPD. Many people think they are the same thing. They’re not.
Although 15 percent of those with Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder also have Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, the two are actually very different psychological disorders, characterized by totally different sets of diagnostic criteria identified by the Diagnostic Statistical Manual, or DSM-5 (the bible in mental health).
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, or OCD, is an identified anxiety disorder, while Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder is, well, a personality disorder. OCD is characterized by recurrent, persistent thoughts that are often unreasonable in nature (called obsessions), which lead to repetitive behaviors (called compulsions). These obsessions and compulsions can manifest in many different ways, but they frequently and most commonly center on theses such as a fear of germs, cleanliness, the need to arrange objects in a specific manner, checking and re-checking things an excessive number of times, counting things, and hair-pulling.
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder, on the other hand, is more about personality traits and perceptions. “Those with Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder exhibit a long-standing, consistent pattern of preoccupation with perfectionism, inflexibility, mental and interpersonal control, and rigid adherence to rules and procedures,” according to Samantha Gluck’s article “Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder Symptoms, Diagnosis” found at the Healthy Place website. Additionally, while OCD can certainly be problematic and offer its own set of significant difficulties, it isn’t something that makes a person toxic or abusive, Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder, however, can make an individual extremely difficult to get along with, and in some cases, may even make the person toxic and controlling in their relationships.
Now that you know the difference between Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and won’t confuse the two, here are 18 facts to introduce you to the personality disorder that affects 8 percent of the population. It is so common, in fact, that chances are good that you have probably encountered an individual with Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder at some time in your life.
18 Things to Know About Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
- Symptoms of the personality disorder usually appear by early adulthood.
- Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder can affect both men and women, though it occurs more in men.
- At the root of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder is a deep fear of failure.
- Individuals with the disorder exhibit an excessive preoccupation with details, lists, schedules, rules, and orderliness.
- These individuals are extremely conscientious and can be described as perfectionists. Their perfectionism interferes with their ability to complete tasks, and because they fear others won’t be able to perform up to their rigid standards, they are usually unwilling to delegate tasks.
- People with the disorder follow a strict adherence to moral and ethical codes and rules and can become upset when others don’t follow these same rules or adhere to the same moral code.
- Characteristic of the disorder, these individuals can be described as inflexible, being unable to agree to changes in rules or procedures.
- Those with the disorder are often workaholics; friends and family come after work, resulting in few friendships and poor relationships.
- A person with Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder may exhibit hoarding behaviors, as they have difficulty throwing anything away. The items hoarded are often useless and worthless and hold no sentimental value. There are different reasons for this: Many have difficulty parting with things because they worry, “What if I need it someday?” Some believe if there is a chance that an item can one day be fixed, they won’t part with it. And then there are some individuals who feel that they must part with the item “the right way.” For example, they can’t just give it to charity, it must be given to the right charity.
- These people generally have difficulty expressing affection and watching others openly express emotions around them.
- Those with the disorder possess a deep need for order and control. When one loses control of a situation, intense fear and anxiety result.
- As with most mental disorders, a combination of biology and environmental factors likely lead to the development of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder.
- Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder is vastly underdiagnosed.
- People with the personality disorder can vary in their housekeeping rituals. Some are obsessively clean and tidy, and some are obsessive about labeling and organizing.
- These individuals often excessively hoard money and might be considered miserly.
- In order to be diagnosed with Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder, the person’s symptoms must significantly interfere with daily functioning.
- Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder is often difficult. Treatment options that don’t fit within the individual’s cognitive schema will likely be rejected by the person.
- Prognosis for an individual with the disorder tends to be better than that for other personality disorders if treatment is obtained.
“Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder Symptoms, Diagnosis” by Samantha Gluck
“OCD vs. OCPD”
“Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder Treatment”